|Official Plant Name||Buddleia davidii|
|Common Name(s)||Dwarf Buddleia, Dwarf Butterfly Bush|
|Foliage||Serrated edges and dark leaves|
|Flowers||Long taped clusters in various hues|
|When To Sow||March, April, May, September, October, November|
|Flowering Months||July, August, September|
|When To Prune||March, April|
Full Sun or Partial Shade
Exposed or Sheltered
0.5 – 1M
0.5 – 1M
July – September
Most soil types
Moist but well-drained
Buddleja is a wildlife-friendly plant that can thrive in many settings and a dwarf option could be perfect for small spaces.
A native of China, Buddleja is now an extremely popular garden plant. Its appeal for butterflies means that it is sometimes referred to as ‘butterfly bush’.
But care should be taken over planting and caring for Buddleja, or ‘Buddleia’, since it is a non-native plant and some species can become invasive in some areas.
If you grow a non-sterile Buddleia davidii in your garden, it is best not to let it go to seed. Cut back after flowering to prevent its spread.
Buddleia davidii can spread its seed far and wide if given the chance. It can pop up causing damage to ecosystems, and to human infrastructure.
Even when not allowed to go to seed, Buddleia is not always a good choice for smaller gardens. Most grow into huge, towering plants, over 7ft tall, which means that they are not always the best choice for small spaces.
However, there are now Dwarf Buddleia available, which could be a better choice for small gardens.
What is Dwarf Buddleja?
Dwarf buddleia are cultivars of Buddleia davidii which grow to only around 60-90cm tall.
Since they are restricted in size, they can be a much better choice for small spaces, or for container cultivation.
The good news is that there are several series of dwarf Buddleja which have been developed to be sterile, so they cannot set seed and become invasive.
Dwarf Buddleja Cultivars To Consider
Dwarf Buddleja to consider are:
- Buddleia davidii ‘Buzz Magenta’
- Buddleia davidii ‘Buzz Ivory’
- Buddleia davidii ‘ Buzz Candy Pink’
- Buddleia davidii ‘Buzz Indigo’
- Buddleia davidii ‘Buzz Sky Blue’
- Buddleia davidii ‘Buzz Velvet Red’
- Buddleia davidii ‘Buzz 3 in 1’
- B. ‘Blue Chip’
- B. ‘White Chip’
- B. ‘Red Chip’
- B. ‘Lilac Chip’
- B. Flutterby Petite Dark Pink
- B. Flutterby Petite Blue
- B. Flutterby Petite Snow White
- B. Flutterby Petite Tutti Fruitti
- B. Flutterby Flow Lavender
The above options are sterile, and so will not cause the problems potentially caused by planting other Buddleia davidii in your garden.
Is a Dwarf Buddleja Right for Your Garden?
Dwarf Buddleja could be a good choice for your garden. It is overall a wildlife-friendly option and certainly will attract butterflies and other insects to your garden. And when you choose a sterile cultivar you need not worry about invasiveness.
However, before you proceed with a Dwarf Buddleia, it is certainly worth considering other alternatives, which can also do a great job of attracting butterflies and other wildlife to your garden.
While Buddleja is a great source of nectar for adult butterflies and other insects, as a non-native plant it has no value for the larvae of native butterflies and moths. So if you want to do as much as you can for native wildlife, you should consider planting plenty of native plants.
Alternatives to Dwarf Buddleja
In the UK and Europe, some native shrubs and small trees are far better for a truly butterfly-friendly garden, because they provide for Lepidoptera throughout their lifecycle and not just for nectar.
You can consider, for example:
- Native Roses
- Native Viburnums
If you want to aid butterflies and attract them to your garden, you should also plant fruit trees (remember that there are dwarf fruit trees that you can grow in containers).
Fallen fruits are a food source for butterflies, and trees often also give moth and butterfly species shelter and a place to see out the winter.
Place perennial herbs and nectar-rich perennials in pots nearby, or in guilds around these trees. Many herbs and flowers are great for attracting butterflies and other beneficial insects to your garden.
You should also consider growing climbers like ivy and honeysuckle against a wall or fence. These can provide nectar when there is not much around, and serve as a place for butterflies to lay their eggs.
If you would like to consider other flowering shrubs for your small garden or a patio container garden, there are also other non-native options to consider.
Some other good nectar sources for adult butterflies include:
Where to Plant Dwarf Buddleja
If you do decide that you would like to plant a dwarf Buddleja, then remember that where you place your new plant (whether in the ground or in a container) is important.
Buddleia needs full sun, and a south-facing or west-facing aspect is ideal.
The plant is H6 hardy however, and can cope with a wide range of different growing conditions.
If growing in the ground, remember that your plant will prefer a chalk, loam or sandy soil, and any pH is fine. But it may struggle a little in heavy clay – although this plant does like some moisture, it generally prefers well-drained conditions.
One interesting option to consider could involve growing dwarf buddleia as a low-growing hedge, either along a border of your property or between different garden ‘rooms’. Of course, these are also great for growing in reasonably large patio pots.
When growing in containers, choosing a free-draining growing medium, and ensuring that the container drains freely, is key.
While you can get away with a smaller pot initially, for plants that typically come in 2-3 litre containers, ultimately, a Dwarf Buddleja will require a container that is around 60cm wide.
It is best to fill your container with a peat-free multipurpose potting compost with added John Innes (or a homemade equivalent).
Planting Dwarf Buddleja
You should find it easy to source a Dwarf Buddleja from a garden centre online or in your local area. If someone has a buddleia that you admire, you may also be able to propagate it to make a new plant by taking semi-ripe cuttings in summer.
When planting dwarf buddleia, place the plant in a hole in the soil or in a container at the same level that they were at in their previous pot. This can be done at any time, but spring or autumn is generally best, to reduce the shock of transplantation.
Caring For Dwarf Buddleja
Dwarf buddleja is generally very easy to care for and even in containers is pretty low maintenance and a trouble-free shrub. But there are a few things to remember:
Remember that Buddleia like free-draining conditions, and do not like waterlogging for any length of time.
Plants grown in the ground should be watered for the first 18 months or so during establishment, but should not require any watering after that except during prolonged periods of drought.
Container plants will need to be watered more frequently than those growing in the ground. Water when the growing medium dries out during dry periods.
Remember, whether growing in the ground or in containers, a layer of organic mulch will help to retain moisture.
Feed your container grown Buddleia in spring with an organic, high potassium feed to encourage good quality blooms.
If growing in containers, you should also use a potash rich organic liquid feed like comfrey tea when watering over the summer months.
Plants grown in a fertile soil should only need an annual mulch of organic matter, and will not need additional feeding.
When flowers on your Buddleia begin to fade over the summer, deadhead them to encourage new smaller blooms to form.
At the end of the season, leave the faded flower heads in place (when growing sterile varieties) to aid wildlife over the winter months.
Like other Buddleja, Dwarf Buddleja should be pruned back hard over the first couple of years to a low framework (around 20-30cm above the ground or surface of the growing medium) in the spring.
It is best to prune in March or April, just as the first new growth is starting to show. After around 2 years, prune back to leave around 2 buds on the growth of the previous year.
You should also make sure that you also remove any dead, damaged or diseased stems. Be sure to mulch around your shrubs with organic matter and feed well after this spring pruning.
See more buddleja pruning tips in this guide.
If you are growing your Dwarf Buddleja in a container, it should typically be repotted every couple of years.
Dwarf Buddleja will typically be relatively trouble-free, and you should find that if you do choose one, and take care of it correctly, it will grace your garden for many years to come.
Just remember that if butterfly attraction is high on your list, the ‘butterfly bush’ is not actually the best plant to choose.
A permaculture garden designer, sustainability consultant and freelance writer, Elizabeth works as an advocate for positive change. She aims to inspire others to reconnect with nature and live in a more eco-friendly way. She also tries to practice what she preaches as she tends her own forest garden, polyculture beds and polytunnel. See her personal website here.