Horticulture Magazine

An A-Z List Of Many Fruit Varieties

a multitude of different fruits in a collage

How many types of fruit can you think of? Fifteen? Twenty? At a push, we bet you’d struggle to think of more than forty.

And does your list include different types of berry, or are you counting berries as one fruit?

Then there are the fruits that most people would identify as vegetables – tomatoes being the prime example, but just one of a handful of sneaky fruits who fit this criterion.

If you’ve found your way to our A-Z list of fruit you’re either trying to find out more about a new type of fruit you’ve discovered, or you’re looking for a comprehensive list of the fruits in the world.

We’ve tried our best to deliver on both counts, and to be honest we were surprised how many fruits we found! Have you heard of the yangmei, for example? Or the voavanga, rambutan, or kaffir lime?

While this list isn’t 100% exhaustive, we hope it’s helpful in whatever fruit-based endeavour you find yourself on.

An A-Z of fruit

Below you’ll find 72 different fruits with a little information about each.

Apple

  • Commonplace spherical fruits, usually green or red or some combination of the two. These will be familiar to pretty much every Brit, whether picked from a tree or a supermarket shelf.

Apricot

  • Small, yellow-orange fruit usually with succulent sweet flesh, although sometimes dry and sour. Includes an inedible stone.

Avocado

  • Favourite of the hipsters, this savoury fruit is technically a large berry with a single seed inside. Thought to hail from South America.
avocado sliced in half, smashed in a pot and covering toast
Delicious in many formats

Aubergine

  • The first fruit in this list that masquerades as a vegetable, and it definitely tastes best cooked. Technically it’s a big berry!

Banana

  • Most bananas are genetically identical members of a specific genus, although other varieties exist including blue and even pink ones!
Pink bananas fruiting on the plant
Pink bananas!

Berries

various types of berries in a collage
Berry interesting

Butternut squash

  • This pumpkin variant boasts a sweet nuttiness that lends itself best to savoury dishes, hence why butternuts live in the vegetable aisle.

Cherries

  • Prunus avium and prunus cerasus are the two varieties you’ve probably tried, but there are tons of types of cherry. Small, red, and delicious.

Chupa-chupa

  • Quararibea cordata aka chupa-chupa is a yellow-orange seeded fruit with soft, sweet, juicy flesh. Looks a little like a fig.
chupa-chupa fruit sliced in half and sat on a wooden surface
Not to be mistaken with Chupa-chups, the lollipop

Crab apple

  • A small variety of apple commonly seen in the UK, less familiar in food but still edible. Avoid the seeds and for best results cook first.

Clementine

  • This citrus fruit, technically a tangor, is a hybrid between an orange and a mandarin variety, named after the man who discovered it.

Cucumber

  • Long and green, and another resident of the veggie aisle that’s actually a fruit. Hails originally from South Asia but now loved worldwide.
cucumbers in a wooden box
Hopefully people skimming don’t get too confused by all the ‘veggies’ 🤭

Courgette

  • This cucurbit is related to the cucumber, as you probably guessed, but also squashes and melons! Mature courgettes can be called marrows but technically they’re separate fruits.

Custard apple

  • Annona squamosa fruit AKA custard apple, sugar-apple or sweet-sop is a sweet and creamy tropical fruit with lots of segments.
custard apple fruits in a handheld wicker basket
Worth a try

Damsons

  • Damsons are a subspecies of plum widely loved by foragers in the UK: they’re often too sour to eat raw but go a treat in jams, jellies and other home creations.

Durian

  • A tropical fruit notorious for its pungent aroma, to the degree that it’s banned from many hotels in Asia. Read all about durians here.
durian fruit hanging from branches
Spiky, smelly, but also tasty.

Dates

  • Popular in Northern Africa and the Middle East, these dried fruits have a strong sweetness. Reputed to be good for your digestion!

Dragon fruit

  • This vibrant-looking fruit is pink and fire-shaped with green tips – very exciting. Its subtle flesh with plenty of seeds goes great in a fruit salad.
dragon fruit sliced in half and shown on a white background
Stunning

Eggfruit

  • Pouteria campechiana is a South American tree whose fruit looks nothing like an egg… They’re sweet with a flavour echoing mango, sweet potato and various other fruits.

Entawak

  • Artocarpus anisophyllus is a very spiky, orangey red fruit. Inside you’ll find loads of seeds which are edible, and very tasty if roasted and tossed with salt.

Fig

  • This tree and its fruit are related to mulberries, and has been popular since ancient times (hence old sculptures using fig leaves to cover themselves in cartoons). Sweet and delicious.

Finger lime

  • Also known as the caviar lime because of the myriad small segments you’ll find inside, this citrus fruit is long, thin, and very unusual.
finger slime split open
Fingers and caviar, what a treat

Grapefruit

  • The marmite of the fruit world, grapefruit is a big, bitter citrus that some people love enough to eat every day, while others spurn it for life.

Grapes

  • Green and black clusters of grapes are a common sight in UK supermarkets but this fruit comes in a spectrum of colours. Hugely popular worldwide in fruit form or, more so, in wine form.
grapes and wine sat on an oak casket
Incredibly versatile and well-loved because of it

Guava

  • This tropical fruit has a slightly floral flavour that makes it a popular treat in the regions it grows. You can find it in the UK but it’s less common than some other tropical fruits.

Imbe

  • Garcinia livingstonei is a fruit hailing from the southern regions of the African continent. The small orange fruits have peachy coloured flesh renowned for being very sour.

Jackfruit

  • This fruit is related to mulberries and figs but looks nothing like them. Instead it’s a giant spiky fruit filled with juicy flesh. We’ve written more about jackfruit here – including how to use it as a convincing meat substitute!
a jackfruit cut open showing flesh inside
Unusual but worth a look

Java apple

  • Syzygium samarangense, aka java apple, hails from Asia. The small red pear-shaped fruit with its white flesh can be sweet or sour, and is a little watery.
java apples, with one sliced in half
Not very common here in the UK!

Jambolan

  • Syzygium cumini aka Java plum or jambolan is a tree whose small, purple fruits are widely used in traditional medicine remedies for diabetes, stomach trouble and more.

Jeruk limo

  • This small citrus resembles a common lime thanks to its inner segments, and is a popular way to bring aroma to dishes.
jeruk limo fruits in a basket
Knobbly and seedy lime

Kiwi

  • The furry skin puts a lot of people off, but kiwis’ tangy sweetness rewards the effort. And guess what? You can eat the whole fruit with no ill effects, if you’re brave enough.

Kaffir lime

  • Citrus hystrix is often confused with jeruk limo, although it’s a different fruit. The fruit and leaves are great for bringing citrus aroma to dishes.

Kumquat

  • These small citrus fruits are interesting in that you can eat the skin as well as the fruit for a very intense, punchy citrus burst.
orange kumquat fruits
Punchy and delicious

Lemon

  • The most common citrus fruit thanks to its captivating and versatile flavour. Lemon works well in pretty much any style of cooking, from savoury to sweet, and even garnishing the drinks.

Lime

  • The second most common citrus fruit you’ll find here in the UK: smaller and greener than lemons, and with their own subtle flavour.

Lychee

  • Small and covered in a crunchy red-pink skin, lychees are the quintessential exotic fruit. The white flesh is sweet and floral, making it delicious raw or incorporated into deserts.
red coloured lychee fruit
AKA alligator strawberry

Loquat

  • This Chinese fruit is often grown ornamentally, but historically its leaves were sought after for tea.

Mango

  • Rich orange flesh wrapped in green-red skin, a ripe mango truly has a flavour to savour. Perhaps the most recognisable ‘tropical’ fruit.

Mandarin

  • This small citrus is considered a distinct species from the regular orange. Usually they’re smaller, sweeter, and far less acidic than their larger citrus cousins.

Mangosteen

  • Thick purple skin surrounds white, segmented flesh. This plant is hard to grow making the fruit fairly expensive, and not very commonplace as a result.
mangosteen fruit halved
Known as the queen of fruits

Melon

  • There are many types of melon, all of which are, technically speaking, a type of berry called “pepos”. You’re probably more familiar with names like honeydew, cantaloupe, watermelon and others though.

Nectarine

  • These smooth-skinned fruits have flesh that’s either rock hard, or delightfully soft and juicy depending on the ripeness. The stone inside is inedible, so don’t try!

Nyssa ogeche

  • Another exotic tree also known as the white tupelo, river lime, or sour gum. The fruit makes a good substitute for lime.

Nashi pear

  • Pyrus pyrifolia, aka Asian pear, Japanese pear, Chinese pear, or various other names depending on (presumably) the country where you found it.
orange asian pears hanging from a tree
A relative of the pear that looks more like an apple

Olive

  • Although they’re firm savoury favourites, olives are fruits most closely related to cherries, peaches, and other stone fruits in the drupe family. Do you prefer green or black though, that’s the question.

Orange

  • Oranges are the mother of all citrus fruits, and for good reason. They’re big, they’re juicy, and they’re delicious. Peeling off all the pith also keeps your hands busy for a while.

Papaya

  • Also known as the pawpaw, favourite of Baloo the bear from Jungle Book, this fruit is sweet and vibrant, and much loved around the world.
whole and halved papaya fruits in a large bowl
Pick a pair of the big pawpaw, like Baloo told you

Persimmon

  • Disospyros kaki, or Oriental persimmon, is a vibrant orange fruit with shiny skin and a tuft of foliage at the top. Flavour-wise you can expect a sweetness akin to honey.
whole persimmon fruits sat on wicker
Would probably do quite well in a tomato lookalike contest

Prickly pear

  • This cactus species is unusual in that humans eat the fruit which looks, perhaps unsurprisingly, a little like a prickly pear might (if it were pink).
prickly pear cactus
Baloo also advises not to pick the prickly pear by paw

Peach

  • Like a slightly furrier nectarine, peaches are a mainstay of British fruit aisles thanks to their sweet and slightly tangy flesh. Lovely when perfectly ripened.

Pomegranate

  • If you like working hard to enjoy your fruit, here’s one for you. Pomegranates contain hundreds of tiny segments, each bursting with juice but each requiring manual excavation with a spoon or, if you’re feeling messy, a finger.

Pineapple

  • Tangy and delicious, and famous for the fact that pineapple digests you while you eat it (thanks to the enzyme bromelain it contains). We bet you didn’t know that pineapple grows in the ground, not on trees?
many pineapple plants on a farm
Remember this at your next pub quiz

Passion fruit

  • Perhaps one of the prettiest fruits, this purple shell with its white pith and orange centre has a unique and completely delicious tropical flavour.
passion fruit shown whole and sliced in half on a white background
A beautiful fruit.

Pluot

  • Mix plums and apricots and what do you get? Pluots. There are over 20 varieties, each with their own subtly different colour and flavour.

Pear

  • A British favourite, pears are delicious eaten raw (if sometimes a little powdery..?), but also goes a treat in crumbles, jams, chutneys, and if you’re feeling exotic, the alcoholic drink known as perry.

Pepper

  • Peppers and chillies are fruits as well, who’d have known? Both most commonly come in green, yellow, and red, but you can also find orange, purple, and even black varieties!
many types of peppers in a collage
Such a colourful family

Pumpkin

  • A member of the squash family that has become most famous for being hacked apart by children and adults alike each year at Halloween. It’s quite a strange fate for a fruit, when you think about it.

Pomelo

  • This enormous citrus fruit sits above the grapefruit in the citrus evolutionary tree, and tastes fairly similar too. Most people are surprised at just how big pomelos are!
hand holding a pomelo fruit which is hanging from a branch
Comfortably eclipses a grapefruit

Quince

  • This bright gold fruit looks like a pear, but is far more sour. To the point that not many people advocate eating it raw, preferring instead to use it in jams and similar.

Rambutan

  • These intriguing little fruits are covered in spiky pink tendrils, and have been described as having a taste something similar to grapes, perhaps with a more sour floral flavour in the mix.
rambutan fruit with spiky pink tendrils and white flesh
Similar to lychees

Raisins

  • Dry a grape for long enough and you’re left with a raisin. While it’s not technically its own fruit, raisins are popular all over the world so we thought it’d be rude to leave them out.

Rose hips

  • Rose hips can be eaten raw, but you need to avoid the hairs in the fruit if so. Most people agree they’re better off in jams, syrups, or even tea.

Star fruit

  • Nature is an incredible thing, and the starfruit is a beautiful demonstration of the wonder it’s capable of. In terms of taste, the mild sour flavour isn’t that distinctive, but is still well regarded.
star fruit sliced and cut into star shapes
Isn’t it beautiful?

Tomato

  • Tomatoes are the classic “aha!” vegetable, in that people delight in telling you they’re actually fruits. Next time you encounter someone like this, you can recount all the other various ‘vegetables’ that are actually fruits, and send them packing.

Tangerine

  • Tangerine is a type of orange that is sometimes treated as its own species, so depending on which side of that debate you align with, you may not consider it worthy of its own addition in this list.

Tamarind

  • This pungent, aromatic fruit is widely used in medicine and for food flavourings. If you get a chance you can also try it dried: a delicious if incredibly sour snack.
sour tamarind candies
Sour tamarind candies: an eye-opening (and eye-watering) experience

Tamarillo

  • The small, egg-shaped fruits of the tamarillo plants are primarily tangy with occasional sweetness depending how ripe they are. The flavour is known for being very bold.

Ugli fruit

  • This unflatteringly named plant is a big citrus fruit that arose as a natural hybrid of oranges and grapefruits. It’s also known, perhaps more fairly, as a tangelo.
ugli fruit shown halved and whole on a white cloth
U G L I, you ain’t got no alibi, you ugli

Voavanga

  • Vangueria madagascariensis has many names, but voavanga is perhaps the most common. This fruit is orange, ovular, and has spikes around its skin. It’s not achieved as much global renown as some other exotic fruits, however.

Ximenia caffra fruit

  • AKA the sourplum, the fruit of this tree is small and orange or red in colour. It’s very sour, hence the name.

Yangmei

  • Myrica rubra is another fruit with several names, many of which allude to its flavour: something similar to raspberry or strawberry, with a slightly more herbal undercurrent. The flavour varies depending on the level of ripeness.
yangmei fruit in a small green bowl
Looks delicious, no?

Zig zag vine fruit

  • The final fruit in our list is a small orange contender that hails from Malesia and parts of Australia. Its sherbety flavour makes it a popular treat, and it’s also used to create tangy sauces.

That’s one heck of a fruit salad!

There you have it: 72 of Earth’s numerous fruits.

While there are undoubtedly more fruits than those in our list, the selection above is an expansive cross-section of the most popular in various regions around the world.

We’d love to hear from you if we’ve missed any fruits from our list!

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